Periodontal Disease – Periodontal disease in its early stage is known as gingivitis. Symptoms of gingivitis include inflammation and redness of the gums (gingiva), bleeding, and tenderness while brushing or flossing. In its advanced form, called periodontitis, the gums can pull away from the tooth, possibly resulting in bone and tooth loss.
Periodontal disease is caused by the long-term effects of plaque on your teeth. When plaque is not properly removed, it turns into the hard calcified deposit known as tartar (calculus) which becomes trapped at the base of the tooth and leads to decay. The bacteria in plaque and tartar irritates the gums leading to infection.
Consuming a healthy, balanced diet and a good oral hygiene routine including regular brushing and flossing are the best ways to prevent periodontal disease. However, once plaque has turned into tartar it must be removed by a dental professional, who will provide you with a deep cleaning with an instrument known as a scaler. Contact your dental professional if you think that you may be suffering from periodontal disease.